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The Black Death

During the 14th century, Many Europeans heard rumours about a disease passing through the trade routes. It hit China, India, Persia, Syria, and Egypt. This disease was called The Black Death which created strange blisters with pus, then symptoms such as, fever, chills, vomiting, diarrhea, and aches; the result was always death. The plague was incredibly contagious and worked fast. Someone perfectly healthy could get sick at night and be dead by morning. On average, it took 23 days before a person died.

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The Black Death arrived in Europe by sea when Genoese (Genoa) trading ships came to the Sicilian (Sicily) port after sailing through the Black Sea. When people came to the dock, they saw that everyone on the ship was either dead or dying. They all had a strong fever and were covered in strange black blisters oozing blood and pus which gave the disease its name. The Sicilians ordered the ships out of the harbour but they were too late. Some also say that it travelled along the Silk Road which was a network of trade routes in Europe and Asia.

From there, it was most likely passed on from the black rats who live around humans, unlike brown or grey rats who prefer sewers. It takes around ten to fourteen days for a disease to kill off an entire rat colony and when they die, fleas gather around them. They later move onto humans who get infected by the disease.

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Since they did not have the technology or education to understand the plague, people thought that it was a punishment by God for their sins. In order to end the disease, people thought they would have to be forgiven by God. Many people started killing disbelievers or anyone who followed a different religion which led to the Jews massacred. Some men created groups and went from town to town and publicly punished themselves and others. This gave some people comfort but worried the Pope since it disturbed his authority. Because of the Black Death, many people stopped believing in the Church because they believed that if there was a God, he would have helped them.

The epidemic ended around 1350 but reappeared a few generations later for centuries. In the 14th century, it killed about 60% of Europe’s population and has not been eliminated yet.

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Canadian Suffrage Movement

Welcome back to my Blog! In my social class, I learnt about the Canadian Women’s Suffrage Movement and thought I should write a blog about it.

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First I’ll give some background information first to make it easier to understand. So, the word suffrage means the right to vote in political elections. In Canada, women weren’t allowed to vote or get full citizenship, only men could. Most suffrage groups started fighting to vote during the 1900s. During the world war (1914) women were serving in the war, and taking over factories/ industries while men were overseas so, it became harder to ignore their arguments and they had to be included in politics. 

Women got the right to vote in federal elections in three stages:

  1. Military Voters Act: Only nurses and women in armed forces could vote.
  2. Wartime Election Act: Included women who had husbands, or sons serving overseas.
  3. January 1, 1919: All women 21 years or older and met the qualifications for men to vote could vote.

Some important people who helped women get the right to vote were:

Mary Ann Cary

  • A Pioneer, Suffragist, and abolitionist
  • First African American news paper editor in Canada and talked about women’s rights in her news paper (The Provincial Freeman.)
  • Her news paper also talked about Suffrage meetings in Canada and America.

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Emily Howard Stowe

  • One of Canada’s first female doctors
  • Created the TWLC (Toronto Women’s Literary Club)
  • The club wanted higher education, and better employment conditions for women.
  • They believed that this would help women’s safety, chances of employment, and education.

The Famous Five

  • The five women from Alberta who asked the Supreme Court of Canada, “Does the word ‘Persons’ in section 24 of the British North America Act include female persons?”
    • Section 24: “The Governor General shall from Time to Time, in the Queen’s Name, by Instrument under the Great Seal of Canada, summon qualified Persons to the Senate…every Person so summoned shall become and be a Member of the Senate and a Senator.”
  • Wanted women to be legally considered persons so they could be appointed to the Senate.
  • Women were allowed to sit in the Canadian Supreme court.


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For my English class, my class is reading the play Macbeth by William Shakespeare and I thought it would be a good idea to write a blog about it.

Macbeth is a tragic hero who does horrible things to become king and like every main character in Shakespeare’s plays, he has a tragic flaw that leads to his downfall, however, in Macbeth’s case, there may be more than one. Although is it difficult to decide which character trait was the most destructive to Macbeth, over ambition and overconfidence play the biggest role.

Macbeth is a brave soldier, loyal to his king until he receives prophecies about him becoming the king of Scotland. At first, he thinks that if it is true, it will happen without his involvement. He says, “If chance will have me king, why, chance may crown me, without my stir.” After the first two prophecies become true, Macbeth becomes more ambitious and wants more. He murderers Duncan to become king and Banquo to secure his position as king. Macbeth’s ambition led him to do horrible acts which he regretted later.

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The three witches gave Macbeth fake prophecies to make him overconfident. They said, “[…] for no none of woman born shall harm Macbeth… Macbeth shall never vanquish be until Great Birnam wood to high Dunsinane hill shall come against him.” After hearing this, Macbeth becomes overconfident and does nothing to stop the enemies because according to the prophecies, no one can defeat him. When a servant comes to warn him about the army approaching, Macbeth does not believe him; he holds on to the prophecies until the end.

Macbeth has many character traits that led to his downfall but overconfidence and over ambition were the main ones. He was respected by everyone until these two traits made him do evil acts. However, in the end, he realized what he did was wrong and died a noble death.



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The Young Elites

Hi! Today I’m going to do another book review about The Young Elites. The Young Elites takes place Dalia, a city in Kenettra. The main character of this story is Adelina Amouteru who is a 16-year-old girl with a traumatic childhood. She is independent, stubborn, and reckless, and also has a bit of evil in her which she tries to avoid confronting or accepting.

When she was just 4 years old, Adelina got infected by the Blood Fever and had to get her left eye removed, the side effect of the fever was that her hair turned silver which marked her as a Malfetto (the survivors of the blood fever who were considered an abomination and dangerous). People feared Malfettos because some of them had supernatural powers and could hurt others. There was a rumour going around about a group of Malfettos called The Young Elites who were saving others like them and want revenge.

After her mother died from the same fever, Adelina’s father, a merchant, became abusive because his business went downhill since she got infected; no one wanted to associate with a family who had a Malfetto. He wanted Adelina to have supernatural powers too so he could sell her.

To activate her powers, Adelina’s father abused her so she would get angry and use her powers to defend herself. This didn’t work in his favour, only made Adelina hate him more and more.

One night, she heard her father making a deal with a man to sell her so she ran away from home. Unfortunately, her father followed her and forcefully tried to bring her back but she used her powers and killed him. That night she discovered that she had the powers of creating illusions. She could make people see, taste, and feel something that it not actually there, including pain. She ran away after killing her father but got caught by the Inquisition which is basically the justice department and went to prison.

After a couple of weeks came the day of her burning which is when a Malfetto gets burned in public. Seconds before she was about to die, Adelina gets saved the Young Elites who take her to their secret hideout and train her to control her powers. The rest of the story is about her training, making new friends and enemies, and questioning if the Young Elites plan to make the world a better place for Malfettos is morally correct.

In the end, Adelina figures out that she is not the person she thought she was; she is much more evil. Losing control of her powers, she accidentally kills two people.



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Messenger Kids


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Facebook is one of the most popular apps ever. It was founded on 2004 by Mark Zuckerberg who didn’t know that it would become such a big deal.

Did you know, you have to be 13 years old or older to make a facebook account? Well, I didn’t.

Although I don’t have facebook, I know over 10 people under the age of 13, who have an account and I think it’s because it’s so easy to make one and lie. To make an account, you have to enter you age but you can easily lie and say that you are older.

Is there a way to make one without lying? Well, there is now.

Facebook has released a new app called Messenger Kids. Kids can use this app but it can be controlled from a parents facebook account. With the app, kids can video chat, text, and send pictures. Messenger Kids gives parents more control because they can control the contact list and kids can’t communicate with anyone unless the parent has approved.

I think that this is a good idea because since children are already so into technology and texting, there is no way to stop them but there are ways to make it safer. With this app, children can still contact family and friends but with their parents approval.

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Employability Skills

Getting a job is not easy because there are tons of factors employers look at before hiring someone. Employers want to hire people who have the skills and experiences that can benefit them. Here are some skills employers look for in a worker.

  1. Communication: Communication skills can be about talking or writing It can mean being able to talk to people confidently either in person, online, or over the phone and being able to write adequate emails.
  2. Teamwork: This means being able to work well with others. Either with your co-workers and customers.
  3. Problem Solving: Problem Solving skills are necessary when working in a field where you face hard decisions often. It means being able to solve problems properly under pressure or facing difficulties. You would need to think logically to think of a solution.
  4. Self- management: This means doing your work without people having to check on you. You should be able to stay on task at all times and not get distracted easily. It also involves doing your work on time and properly.
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Not everyone has all these skills and it is hard to have them. If you do have them, there are always some ways to improve them. Here are some ways to develop or improve your skills.

  1. Communication
    1. Blogging
    2. Writing assignments or essays
    3. Doing presentations
    4. Working in customer service as experience
    5. Volunteering
  2. Teamwork
    1. Working in groups and compromising
    2. Joining organizations or groups
  3. Problem Solving
    1. Doing research assignments
    2. Talking to people about how they solve problems
    3. Dealing with problems
  4. Self- management
    1. Making a schedule and sticking to it
    2. When doing homework, try not to get distracted and stay on task

You can use these skills when working, and throughout the process of getting a job. You can also mention them in your resume and cover letter to let the employer know more about you.




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Can Virtual Reality Replace Reality?

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Virtual reality is an artificial environment experienced through sensory stimuli from  a computer and where your actions determine what happens in the environment. The picture on the left is a Google Cardboard which you can wear to experience virtual reality. There are many disagreements about it virtual reality is good or bad. Here are some of the pros and cons of virtual reality:


  • People with disabilities, for example, paralysis, can experience walking.
  • Can experience things that are impossible.
  • Can be used in various fields: People training can have a more realistic practice. Can be used in various fields such as military, education, health care.
  • Gives detailed views: Can make tourism easier. People can plan their trips by seeing the locations.
  • Helps connect with people.
  • Can use it for school: Teachers can use it at school to show students different countries or places they are learning about.


  • People can get addicted to the virtual reality world.
  • Training is not accurate: If someone uses it to train for work, they can do it in virtual reality but might not be able to do it in the real world.

In my opinion, virtual reality would be more beneficial. You can learn and experience new things. It can also be educational and help the disabled.